Bernat Martorell (1390-1452)


Martyrdom of Saint Eulalia, 1442-1445
Tempera and gold leaf on wood

Saint Eulalia (c.290-303), co-patron saint of Barcelona, was a 13-year-old Roman Christian who suffered martyrdom in Barcelona during the persecution of Christians during the reign of emperor Diocletian. The Romans subjected her to thirteen tortures, including cutting off her breasts, crucifixion, and decapitation.

Bernat Martorell (active 15th century) was the leading painter of Barcelona, and is considered to be the most important artist of the International Gothic style in Catalonia.

Cornelis Cort (1533-1578)


Tityus Punished in Hell, 16th century. After Titian.

Alessandro Magnasco (1667-1749)


Interrogations in Jail, c. 1710

Franz Hogenberg


“The execution of Peter Stump – Werewolf to Bedburg.” 1589 etching. After being convicted, Stump was veined, beheaded, then burnt.

Albrecht Dürer


Martyrdom of the Ten Thousand, 1508

Théodore Géricault


Study of the heads of torture victims, 1818



Las Penas del Infierno, Pinacoteca, Mexico, 18th century