Francesco Scaramuzza (1803-1886)


Lucifer from Dante’s Inferno, Canto XXXIV, 19th century

Limbourg brothers, active early 15th century

©Photo. R.M.N. / R.-G. Ojéda
Lucifer – torturing souls as well as being tortured himself in hell, 1411-1416
From Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry

Ludovico Cardi (Cigoli), 1559-1613

Sketch of Lucifer for The Divine Comedy, 1590.