Hendrick Goltzius (1558-1617)


Lot and his Daughters, 1616

Fernand Cormon (1845-1924)


Murder in the Seraglio, 1874

Arthur Hacker (1858-1919)


Pelagia and Philammon, 1887
Illustrates a scene from the final pages of Charles Kingsley’s novel Hypatia, published 1853.

Philammon is a monk and abbot, who finds his sister Pelagia – who has been living as a hermit in the desert – at the point of death, and administers the holy sacraments to her.

Artemisia Gentileschi (1593-1653)


Procne and Philomela Showing Tereus the Head of his Son Itys, nd

Background: Procne and Philomena are sisters, and Tereus is Procne’s husband. Tereus kidnapped Philomena, took her to a cabin where he raped her, cut out her tongue, and raped her again. Leaving her there, he returned to Procne and told her Philomena was dead. Philomena was able to weave her story into cloth and have it delivered to her sister.

Procne managed to find Philomena and rescued her. The plan for revenge was to mutilate Tereus, but Procne decided it would be more effective to use their son, Itys, to obtain revenge. The sisters killed the boy, cooked him, and served him to his father.

Carl Spitzweg (1808-1885)


Der Hexenmeister (The Warlock), c.1875

Gustave Moreau (1826-1898)


Hercules and the Lernaean Hydra, 1875/1876. Killing the Hydra was the second of the twelve labours of Hercules.


Detail. Previous victims of the Hydra.

Magnus Enckell (1870-1925)


Kuoleman vaellus (Death’s Walk), 1896