From Dante’s The Divine Comedy. Dis is comprised of the sixth through ninth circles of hell. This painting portrays Charon ferrying Dante and Virgil across the Styx.
Description from Lázaro Galdiano Museum:
Next to a table, on which can be seen gold coins, pots and an open book, a rich personage, dressed in yellow habit and red bonnet, takes in the arms two big sacks, for sure money. On the table appears a devilish personage, with wings and black ears, habit and capirote, that holds a scythe, that indicates with accusing gesture to the avaricious monk. Sinister, wily and monstrous figures surround the table and fly over a black sky. Books and an earth globe are scattered on the floor, probably as a symbol of the disdain of wisdom for the greed of money, which seems to be the apparent meaning of allegory.