Arnold Böcklin (1827-1901)

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Die Pest (The Plague), 1898

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Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

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Madame la Mort, 1890-91

Eugenio Lucas Velázquez (1817-1870)

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Allegorical caprice. The Avarice. 1852

Description from Lázaro Galdiano Museum:
Next to a table, on which can be seen gold coins, pots and an open book, a rich personage, dressed in yellow habit and red bonnet, takes in the arms two big sacks, for sure money. On the table appears a devilish personage, with wings and black ears, habit and capirote, that holds a scythe, that indicates with accusing gesture to the avaricious monk. Sinister, wily and monstrous figures surround the table and fly over a black sky. Books and an earth globe are scattered on the floor, probably as a symbol of the disdain of wisdom for the greed of money, which seems to be the apparent meaning of allegory.

Fernand Cormon (1845-1924)

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Murder in the Seraglio, 1874

Arthur Hacker (1858-1919)

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Pelagia and Philammon, 1887
Illustrates a scene from the final pages of Charles Kingsley’s novel Hypatia, published 1853.

Philammon is a monk and abbot, who finds his sister Pelagia – who has been living as a hermit in the desert – at the point of death, and administers the holy sacraments to her.

Carl Spitzweg (1808-1885)

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Der Hexenmeister (The Warlock), c.1875

Gustave Moreau (1826-1898)

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Hercules and the Lernaean Hydra, 1875/1876. Killing the Hydra was the second of the twelve labours of Hercules.

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Detail. Previous victims of the Hydra.