Giovanni Martinelli (1600-1659)

Memento Mori

Death Comes to the Banquet Table (Memento Mori), c. 1635

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Hendrick Goltzius (1558-1617)

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Lot and his Daughters, 1616

Artemisia Gentileschi (1593-1653)

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Procne and Philomela Showing Tereus the Head of his Son Itys, nd

Background: Procne and Philomena are sisters, and Tereus is Procne’s husband. Tereus kidnapped Philomena, took her to a cabin where he raped her, cut out her tongue, and raped her again. Leaving her there, he returned to Procne and told her Philomena was dead. Philomena was able to weave her story into cloth and have it delivered to her sister.

Procne managed to find Philomena and rescued her. The plan for revenge was to mutilate Tereus, but Procne decided it would be more effective to use their son, Itys, to obtain revenge. The sisters killed the boy, cooked him, and served him to his father.

Ambroise Frédeau (1589-1673)

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Le bienheureux Guillaume de Tolose tourmenté par les démons
(The blessed Guillaume de Toulouse tormented by demons), 1657

Nicolas Poussin (1594-1665)

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Le massacre des innocents, 1627/1630
From the Gospel of St. Matthew: King Herod ordered the killing of all boys under the age of two born in the Bethlehem area, for the Magi had told him that a child destined to become the king of the Jews had been born in the city. Jesus was saved from the massacre when his Family fled to Egypt

Leonaert Bramer (1596-1674)

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The Judgment of Solomon, 1640s

Gerhard Altzenbach (-1672)

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A skeleton as a fashionably dressed woman, before 1673